Legend and History of the Tengger Tribe. Years later, the couple did not keep the promise because it was not willing to sacrifice his last child named R Kusuma to the crater of Bromo, finally from the crater of Bromo, it sounded a roaring sound and issued a fire. The couple is aware that the Bromo crater demands a promise in the Tepati. R Kusuma was then hidden around Ngadas village. But the burst of fire was until also in Ngadas. R Kusuma then go to the crater of Mount Bromo Tour . From the crater, the voice of R Kusuma so that his brother lives in harmony. He willingly sacrificed as representatives of his siblings and local communities.
He ordered, on the 14th of Kasada, to give offerings of the Earth, this event is then the forerunner of Kasada celebration among the Tengger community.
Mount Bromo for the Tengger People is also the center of Social interaction, each year they gather to interact with each other, worship together. They believed that their ancestors were in the mount of Bromo, therefore many of the ceremonial celebrations they did were part of the worship of the Moang ancestors they did in the legs and the crater of Mount Bromo.
Tengger people strongly uphold philosophy about the relationship between human beings taught by their ancestors, namely: Setya Budaya (obedient, diligent, independent), Setya discourse (faithful to Speech), Setya Semaya (faithful to the Promise), Setya Laksana (obedient, and (loyal) partners.
Community Profile of Tengger tribe
People of the Tengger region have a distinctive characteristic in its appearance, namely the holster, in their term called the Kawengan. Gloves used warmers from cold wind attack that piercing the bones, besides cheap price, casing is easily obtained compared to other warm clothing.
The Hindu religion of Tengger
The majority of the people of the Tengger tribe embraced Hinduism, but Hindu religions are not the same as the Hindu religion in Bali. The difference between the Hindu religion in Bali and the Hindu people of the Tengger community is the Tengger community still adhered to the old beliefs and traditions that ever flourished in the Majapahit era like the way of a present, sacrificing, praying, dancing sacred dance, not valid The caste system. The similarities to the Tengger people also know Padmasari and Padmasana.
Legend and History of the Tengger Tribe
Padmasari is a place of worship that is erected in front of the house, while Padmasana is a place of worship in every temple that is located in every village as a place of worship or worship workshop.
The families and kinship of the Tengger tribe
Like family life in general, Tengger people are also trying to enrich their family with the needs of clothing, food and board, only in the application of daily family life always emphasize also on the implementation of Customs that have occurred since the days of their ancestors.
For the people of Tengger Society the harmony of relationships between families becomes one of the roads to perfection of life. Tengger Society does not know the name Marga (family) because in the Tengger society does not know caste, usually the way to call the name of people who are already married and have children, called by the name of his first child. Another unique Tengger culture is requiring every boy born on the day of Wage (Javanese dating system) to wear earrings on his left ear.
Up to now, the residents of Tengger still do not know the intent and purpose of this culture, only the elders and the shaman’s herbalists understand the meaning.
Everyday language of Tengger Bromo community
Communication between members of the Tengger tribe community is the Javanese Tengger language, where the regional language is still smelling ancient Java, but they do not use a level of language such as Javanese language used in general.
The Tengger people are mostly living with planting/farming. Hilly soil structure is not an easy thing to cultivate soil, they use a terracker system, the source of water depends on the rainfall, water source or the flow of river water.
Currently there is an additional livelihood that is as a guide, rent a horse, rent a house as a homestay, open a restaurant or food stalls, open a souvenir shop, rent a jeep and motorcycle taxi for the end that will go to Bromo.
Tengger clan Leaders
Formally the Government and custom of the Tengger community is led by a village chief (Petinggi) who is the head of Adat. The selection of the community through the elections. The leader of the Ritual/traditional ceremony is shaman, the election through several stages (personal concern to the candidate) who will eventually be tested through Mulunen exam (the pronunciation of a spell test that should not be interrupted or forgotten) at the time of Kasada ceremony Located at Pura Luhur Poten at the foot of Mount Bromo.
Settlements and housing
Community settlements of the Tengger tribe occupies the valleys and slopes of the hills surrounding Mount Bromo in a group of primarily. The home distance between the other people is very tightly, so it can be said that there is almost no strict boundary between the house fence between one person and the fence of another person’s house. This situation is almost evenly distributed throughout the rural areas inhabited by the Tengger community. According to them, the form of the village that does not know the fence that restricts the houses of the population is a sign or show the attitude of Tengger people who like cooperation and and team. Legend and History of the Tengger Tribe
Tengger Tribe Ceremonyy
Karo Traditional Ceremony
The feast day of Karo is the biggest feast of the Tengger society. The purpose of the Karo ceremony is to conduct worship of Sang Hyang Widi Wasa and honor his ancestors.
The ceremony of Kapat falls on the fourth month (Papat) according to Saka year called Pujan Kapat, aims to invoke the blessing of salvation and safe Qibla, which is worship of the direction of the wind.
This ceremony fell in the eighth month (Wolu) Saka year. Pujan Kawolu as the closure of the Megeng. The community sends the offerings to the head of the village, with the aim for the safety of the Earth, water, fire, wind, Sun, Moon and stars.
It fell on the nine (Sanga) Saka year. The ceremony was initiated by the women who delivered the offerings to the village’s head house, to be questioned by Pandita (shamans). Then Pandita and the elders of the village formed a line, walking around the village by sounding a Kentongan and carrying a torch. The purpose of this ceremony is to ask Sang Hyang Widi Wasa for the safety of Tengger Society.
Performed at the full moon of Kasada (to twelve) Saka year, also known as the Feast of Sacrifice. Usually five days before Yadnya Kasada ceremony, held various spectacle such as; Horse races in ocean sand, relaxing streets and exhibitions. The ceremony of Kasada aims to apply abundant harvest or to ask for the decline of the reinforcements and cure for various diseases, by means of offering offerings by throwing them to mount Bromo.
Another interesting side of the Tengger tribe is a typical food of the Tengger tribe. There are Nasi Aron, Kue Kucur, Onion Sambel (Sambel botok), clear vegetable rice gelpungan, potato onion, potato omelette, etc.
At a glance about the Tengger people, hopefully it will enrich the treasures of the cultural knowledge around us, and add to our love of the state’s own culture. Legend and History of the Tengger Tribe